Moses Part 18

Moses, the man of God

A study

Part 18

The Seven Feasts of the Lord

Lev.23

After redeeming the children of Israel from the bondage of Egypt, and before taking them to their Promised Land, God took them to Mount Sinai and kept them there for a whole year. God gave them His laws and commandments and made a covenant with them. He also gave them the pattern of His sanctuary to be built in the midst of them. Later God gave them many instructions for their life and journeys. In this present study on Moses, we will not go into the details of all these instructions of God, but we shall briefly study the significance of the Seven Great Feasts of the Lord.

The LORD spoke to Moses saying, “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: The feasts of the LORD, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, these are My feasts.” (Lev.23: 1,2) With these words, the Lord of Israel established an annual cycle of holidays to be observed by them. The words “My feasts” literally means, the appointed times of the Lord. These holidays have deep typological significance providing a panorama of history and prophecy that has strong implications for the whole house of Israel and for all the families of the earth. These Feasts typify the order in which events will be brought to pass among the children of Israel, when the Lord Jesus Christ returns. These events are also typified in Exodus 12 to 40. The time of fulfillment of these events will be the time when Israel will be passing through great tribulations, and will cry unto the Lord in repentance. At that time the Lord Jesus Christ will appear and regather and restore them to their Land and establish them as a theocracy.

The Passover is the first of the seven feasts; and, again, nothing can occur until after Israel has appropriated the blood of the Passover Lamb. “Egypt” signifies the world and “Israel in Egypt” signifies the worldwide dispersion of the Jews. During the tribulation period, Israel still in a worldwide dispersion will appropriate the blood of the Lamb of God (typified by 1. the Passover Feast) and repent and put away their sin (typified by 2. Feast of the Unleavened Bread). The main purpose of the Tribulations is to bring Israel to repentance. So, as soon as Israel repents, the Messiah will appear and deliver them from the tribulations and regather them and restore them to their Land. At that time there will be a resurrection of the Old Testament saints as typified in removal of Joseph’s bones in Exo.13: 19 (typified by 3. Feast of the First fruits). Old Testament saints will accompany the existing nation of that day back to their Land.

Feast

Lev.23

Dates

Israel in the type

Israel in the anti-type

Additional references

1 Passover v.4,5 14th day of 1st month Exo.12:2-13 Israel appropriating the blood of the Lamb Mk.14:12, Jn.2:13, 6:4, 11:55, 18:28
2 Feast of the unleavened bread v.6-8 7days from the 15th day of the 1st month Exo.12:15-20 The repentance & putting away of sin from the house of Israel Numb.28: 16-25
3 Feast of the First fruits v.9-14 17th day of the 1st month Exo.13:19 Resurrection of OT saints Numb.28:26-31
4 Pentecost (Feast of Weeks) v.15-22 50th day after the Passover Exo.13:21,22 Joel 2:27-3:1 Regathering Deut.16: 9-12
5 Feast of Trumpets v.23-25 1st day of the 7th month (new moon) Psa.81:3 Exo. 14:19-31 Exo.14:21-31 Joel 3:2-16 Overthrow of antichrist & his army Joel 3: 17-21 Regathering & Restoration to their land Isa.18: 1-7, 27:12,13.
6 Day of Atonement v.26-32 10th day of the 7th month Exo.19:10-20 Cleansing of the people on the “third day”Jer.31:31-4; Ezek.20:34-37; 36:24-28 Lev.16, Heb9:7-14; 10:19-22
7 Feast of Tabernacles v.33-44 8 days from the 15th day of the 7th month Exo.40, Deut16:13-15. Establishment as a theocracy. Isa.2:1-4, Eze.20:35 Hos6: 1,2 2Chr.8: 12,13 Ezra3: 4, John.7:2, 37-39.

 

 

The fourth festival (4. Pentecost) has to do with Joel’s prophecy, which began to be symbolically fulfilled as recorded in the Book of Acts during 30 – 62AD when the Jews existed as a nation. But the real fulfillment of Joel’s prophecy awaits that day on which the whole house of Israel will be regathered and restored as a nation in their Promised Land. (Isa.32: 15-20, 44: 3-5, Ezek.39: 28,29, Joel 2: 27-32) The fifth festival (5. Feast of Trumpets) reveals a Divine manifestation of power surrounding Israel’s deliverance, typified during the Red Sea crossing in Exodus 14. This will be fulfilled when the Lord Jesus Christ defeats the Antichrist and his army by Divine intervention at the time of regathering the children of Israel.

The sixth festival (6. The Day of Atonement) has to do with the cleansing of the people. This was typified by the cleansing on “the third day” in Exodus Chapter 19 in Mount Sinai (Exo.19: 10 – 20) in view of God making the covenant of Exo.19: 5, 6 with His people. In the anti-type this will be fulfilled in the restored nation of Israel as seen in Jer.31: 31-34, Ezek.20: 34-37, 36: 24-28, etc. This then leads up to the seventh and last of the Jewish festivals. (7. The Feast of the Tabernacles) This was typified again by the establishment of the theocracy in Exodus 40. This festival pointed to a time of rest following the completion of the preceding six, and it looked forward to the Sabbath Rest lying out ahead, the Messianic Era.

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