Part 020 – Seven Trumpets, Seven Vials


A Study

Part 020

Seven Trumpets, Seven Vials

Paralleling the Trumpet and Vial Judgments

As previously noted, “lightnings, and voices, and thundering, and an earthquake [a shaking], and great hail” seen at the conclusion of both the blowing of the trumpets (Rev.11:15-19) and the pouring out of the vials of wrath (Rev.16:17-21), refer to the same scene, occurring at the same time. The latter provides additional commentary and details. All of the trumpet and vial judgments parallel one another, one series of events described in two different ways. That stated concerning the seven vial judgments is simply a further description of that stated concerning the seven trumpet judgments, adding to the complete word picture, providing commentary and details for that previously revealed when the first six seals were broken.

First Trumpet (8:7), First Vial (16:2)

Both the first trumpet and the first vial have to do with THE EARTH. When the first angel sounded his trumpet, “hail and fire mingled with blood… were cast upon the earth”; and a third part of the earth and trees were burned up and “all” grass was burned up.

When an angel poured out the first vial upon the earth, “there fell a noisome and grievous sore upon the men which had the mark of the beast, and upon them which worshipped his image.”

Second Trumpet (8:8, 9), Second Vial (16:3)

Both the second trumpet and the second vial have to do with THE SEA. When the second angel sounded his trumpet, “a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea.” A third part of the sea became blood, a third part of the living creatures in the sea died, and a third part of the ships were destroyed.

When an angel poured out the second vial on the sea, the sea “became as the blood of a dead man; and every living soul died in the sea.”

Third Trumpet (8:10, 11), Third Vial (16:4-7)

Both the third trumpet and the third vial have to do with THE RIVERS AND FOUNTAINS OF WATERS. When the third angel sounded his trumpet, a great star fell from heaven. And the star “fell upon the third part of the rivers and upon the fountains of waters,” resulting in the waters becoming bitter and causing the death of numerous individuals.

When an angel poured out the third vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters; “they became blood.” Then the angel calls attention to the righteous judgments of the Lord. Those on the earth “have shed the blood of saints and prophets,” and these same individuals have been given “blood to drink; for they are worthy.”

Fourth Trumpet (8:12, 13), Fourth Vial (16:8, 9)

Both the fourth trumpet and the fourth vial have to do with HEAVENLY BODIES. When the fourth angel sounded his trumpet, a third part of the sun, moon, and stars were smitten; and this resulted in darkness for “a third part” of both the day and the night. Then an angel is seen flying through the midst of heaven proclaiming with a loud voice to those on the earth, “Woe, woe, woe.” And this proclamation of Woe is echoed because of the three angels which are yet to sound (which would include the angels pouring out the last three vials as well).

When an angel poured out the fourth vial on the sun, power was given to the sun “to scorch men with fire.” And those being scorched blasphemed the One having power over these plagues, repenting not.

Fifth Trumpet (9:1-12), Fifth Vial (16:10, 11)

Both the fifth trumpet and the fifth vial have to do with DARKNESS THROUGHOUT THE KINGDOM OF THE BEAST. When the fifth angel sounded his trumpet, “a star fell from heaven unto the earth.” And “the key to the bottomless pit” was given to this star (an angel). And this angel “opened the bottomless pit, and smoke arose out of the pit like the smoke of a great furnace.” This smoke was so thick that it blotted out the sun, resulting in darkness across the land. Then locusts came out of the smoke, which had hair like women’s hair and teeth like lions’ teeth and tails like scorpions. And these locusts were given power over “those men who do not have the seal of God on their foreheads,” “to hurt men five months.” And the condition in those days will be such that men will “seek death, and shall not find it; and shall desire to die, and death shall flee from them.”

When an angel poured out the fifth vial upon the throne of the beast, his kingdom became full of darkness. Those in the kingdom of the beast in that day will gnaw their tongues for pain, and blaspheme the God of heaven, but repent not of their deeds.

Sixth Trumpet (9:13-21), Sixth Vial (16:12-16)

Both the sixth trumpet and the sixth vial have to do with THE GREAT RIVER EUPHRATES. When the sixth angel sounded his trumpet, the command went out, “Loose the four angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates.” These four angels are said to have been “prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, for to slay a third part of men. Then the four angels are seen in connection with an army of two hundred million, with this army seen as the entity actually responsible for slaying “the third part of men.”

When an angel poured out the sixth vial upon the great river Euphrates, the water of the Euphrates was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared.” Then three unclean spirits which originate from Satan, the beast and the false prophet, go forth to gather “the kings of the earth and of the whole world… to the battle of that great day of God Almighty” to Armageddon [meaning, ‘the Mount of Megiddo].

Seventh Trumpet (10:1-11; 11:15-19), Seventh Vial (16:17-21)

Both the seventh trumpet and the seventh vial have to do with A FULL AND COMPLETE END. When the seventh angel sounded his trumpet, the mystery of God was brought to completion, the kingdom of this world became that of “our Lord, and of His Christ,” and there were “lightnings, and voices, and thundering, and an earthquake [a shaking], and great hail.”

When an angel poured out the seventh vial “into the air” a great voice came out of the temple in heaven, from God’s throne, saying, “It is done [indicating that everything has been finished].” Then the same voices and thundering, and lightnings” are seen along with “a great earthquake [a great shaking]” and “great hail.”

Deliverance of the Israelites

In history, when an Assyrian Pharaoh became the king of Egypt, his attention was turned towards the Israelites, whom he saw as a threat; and he sought to destroy them (Exo.1:8-11; Acts 7:18, 19; Isa.52:4). Then ten plagues fell upon the kingdom of that Assyrian Pharaoh during Moses’ Day. And after the tenth and final plague ― after they applied the blood of the Passover lamb ― Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt, with a view to their realizing an inheritance in another land as God’s firstborn son.

In the antitype, the Antichrist is seen coming out of the boundaries of the old Assyrian Empire (Dan.8:8, 9), and he is referred to as an Assyrian in a number of places in Scripture (Isa.10:5, 6; 14:25; 31:8; Hosea 11:5; Micah 5:5, 6). As the Assyrian in the OT type conquered and ruled Egypt, the future Assyrian will conquer and rule the world. And exactly as in the type, the future Assyrian will see the Jewish people as a threat and will seek to destroy them. But, seven plagues depicted by the trumpet and vial judgments will fall upon the kingdom of the Antichrist. These judgments have lot of similarities with the ten plagues in Egypt. After the end of these future judgments, when the Israelites repent and cry unto their Messiah and by faith apply the blood of the Passover Lamb, the One greater than Moses will lead the Israelites out from a worldwide dispersion, with a view to their realizing an inheritance in their Promised Land as God’s firstborn son.

Destruction of Antichrist and his armed forces

Again, in the OT type, after the Israelites began their journey, the Assyrian Pharaoh changed his mind and pursued after the Israelites with his armed forces. But God delivered the Israelites and destroyed the Assyrian Pharaoh and his armed forces in Red Sea. Similarly, in the future, when the Israelites are delivered from a worldwide dispersion, the Assyrian Antichrist, with his armed forces will seek to destroy Israel. But Lord, who will be there in the midst of His people, will destroy the Antichrist and his armed forces. Gentile world power will be brought to naught (Rev.19:11-21) and the repentant Israel will be restored to the position and to the land covenanted to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (Gen.12:1-3; 22:15-18). Also please see Ezek.36:24-38; 37:21-28; 39:21-29.